Category archives for Original Article

Diagnostic Accuracy of Gray Scale Ultrasonography versus Color Doppler in Suspected Cases of Acute Appendicitis

Tahir Iqbal, Muhammad Usman Shahid, Ishfaq Ahmad Shad, Shahzad Karim Bhatti, Syed Amir Gilani and Zahid Siddique Abstract Background: A common surgical emergency is acute appendicitis. Various diagnostic tools are available to diagnosis acute appendicitis. Radiological investigations play an important role in making accurate and early diagnosis and thus preventing morbidity associated with the disease. Objective: To […]

Protective Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Energy Drink Induced Ovarian Cytotoxicity in Adult Female Albino Rats

Maria Ilyas, Masooma Ahmad, Huma Jawad, Nazia Siddique, Lubna Shahper and Muhammad Hashim Ghouri Abstract Background: Energy drinks (EDs) are commonly used to prevent fatigue, enhance physical, and cognitive performance. Its administration induces toxic effects in body. Omega-3 is an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent that helps in proper functioning of immune system. Objectives of this study […]

A critical analysis of individual patient factors in gaining access to healthcare

Muhammad Hassan Naveed, Ghulam Mustafa Asim and Muhammad Mohid Tahir Abstract Background: Pakistan is one of the largest host of refugees. People in Pakistan have bad access to healthcare not only due to bad facilities but also due to discrimination based on their personal characteristics and possessions. The behavior not only damages the dignity of the […]

Effect of Gestational Diabetes on Serum Leptin during Pregnancy and Postpartum Period

Jazib Andleeb, Faiza Mehboob, Sana Javaid, Mudassar Ali, Muhammad Imran Khan and Qurat-ul-Ain Abstract Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with marked increase in insulin resistance. The objective of study is to determine the relation of gestational diabetes with serum leptin and serum insulin levels during pregnancy and postpartum period. Methods: This case control study conducted […]

Current Screening Strategy Poses Risk of Spreading of Hepatitis C Virus Infection

Sajjad Ullah, Sohail Ahmad, Qaisar Ali, Arshad Jamal, Muhammad Zubair Yousaf and Ahmed Bilal Waqar Abstract Background: Hepatitis C virus is one of the significant causes of morbidity and mortality in the World. Surprisingly, despite national screening campaigns, new cases of HCV are still on the rise. Methods and Results: A total of 5914 healthy blood […]

Efficacy of Tranexamic Acid in reducing intra-operative bleeding during tonsillectomy

Asmatullah Achakzai, Muhammad Arif Achakzai and Hameed Ullah Achakzai Abstract Background: Our study aims to determine the effectiveness of tranexamic acid in decreasing the intraoperative blood loss during tonsillectomy. Materials and Methods: Study design was randomized double-blind control trial. This study was conducted from 1 November 2017 till 30 June 2019 in the department of ENT unit-II, the […]

Correlation between Calcium Phosphorus Product and Mean Arterial Pressure among Hemodialysis Patients with End Stage Renal Disease

Muhammad Nadeem, Mansoor Abbas Qaisar, Ali Hassan Al Hakami, Fateh Sher Chattah, Muhammad Muzammil and Muhammad Kamran Ameer Abstract Background: The mean arterial pressure serves as an expression of blood pressure in patients on chronic hemodialysis. Serum calcium phosphorus product is considered as a risk factor of vascular calcification that is associated with hypertension in the […]

Factors behind the prevalence of smoking: A case study of Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Shaheed Medical College, Mirpur, Azad Jammu & Kashmir

Muhammad Shoaib, Mirza Muhammad Abdullah and Atif Ullah ABSTRACTObjectives: The objectives of research were to analyze the smoking behavior among the medical students and to examine the factors behind the prevalence of smoking among the students of Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Shaheed Medical College while recommendations are made on study findings.Materials and Methods: Quantitative research design […]

Doxorubicin Induced Histomorphometric Changes in the Kidney of Albino Rats and Protective Role of Nigella Sativa

Wazir Ahmed Baloch, Shahid Zafar, Ihsan Ullah, Muhammad Imran Khan, Maher Sohail Yaseen and Muhammad Kamran Ameer ABSTRACTObjective: Doxorubicin is presently a leading antineoplastic drug with promising efficacy. This study was designed to investigate the histologicaleffects of doxorubicin toxicity on rat kidneys and how much protection is provided by Nigella Sativa.Materials & Methods: A randomized […]

Factors associated with Non-adherence in Chronic Patients with Multiple Comorbid Conditions

Unaiza Jawad, Muhammad Saqib Rabbani, Fariha Asghar and Mujtaba Muhammad ABSTRACTBackground: To determine the association of nonadherence to the various age groups and related sociodemographic factors, this study was conducted.Materials and Methods: In different departments of Services Hospital Lahore, a cross-sectional survey was conducted. 370 patients voluntarily participated in the study. The data was collected […]

Mortality Analysis of COVID-19 Confirmed Cases in Pakistan

Ambreen Chaudhry, Aamer Ikram, Mirza Amir Baig, Muhammad Salman, Tamkeen Ghafoor, Zakir Hussain, Mumtaz Ali Khan, Jamil Ahmed Ansari, Asif Syed, Wasif Javed, Ehsan Larik, Muhammad Mohsan, Naveed Masood, Zeeshan Iqbal and Khurram Akram ABSTRACTIntroduction: COVID-19, a novel disease, appeared in December 2019 in China and rapidly spread across the world. Till the second week […]

Estimation of the Final Size of COVID-19 Epidemic in Balochistan

Muhammad Arif, Aftab Kakar and Ehsan Larik ABSTRACTCOVID-19 is a new disease that is spreading very fast in Pakistan. Cases have been reported from all of the provinces including Balochistan. The first two confirmed cases in Pakistan had travel history by road from Iran to Balochistan, hence SIR model used to predict the magnitude of […]

Diagnostic Outcome of Open Pleural Biopsy

Hafiza Habiba Asma and Areeba Iftikhar ABSTRACTBackground: Pleural diseases involve the parietal and visceral pleura. They can be of inflammatory or malignant origin. Pleural biopsy is advised forassessment and excluding infectious causes as tuberculosis or malignant disease, particularly malignant mesothelioma. Connective tissue disorderssuch as rheumatoid disease can also present with involvement of pleura, requiring pleural […]

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Utilization of Outdoor Services at Secondary Care Hospitals of Punjab, Pakistan

Atiq ur Rahman, Muhammad Imran, Zarmeena Yasmeen and Muzammil Irshad ABSTRACTObjective: The objective of the study was to assess the effects of COVID-19 and lockdown on OPD services.Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at District Headquarter Hospital (DHQ) and Tehsil Headquarter (THQ) Hospitals of District Layyah. The data was collected from one DHQ […]

General Health Status in patients of Adhesive Capsulitis Visiting Rehabilitation Department of Fauji Foundation Hospital Rawalpindi

Akhtar Hussain and Naureen Tassadaq ABSTRACTObjective: To investigate the general health status in patients of Adhesive CapsulitisStudy Design: Prospective studyPlace and duration: Occupational Therapy Unit of Rehabilitation Department of Fauji Foundation Hospital Rawalpindi from July 1, 2019 to September 30, 2019.Methodology: There were many patients suffering from shoulder pain. Among them, 52 patients who were […]

Spectrum of Mandibular Fractures in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Karachi

Sana Iqbal , Ayesha Aslam, Sufyan Ahmed, Nabeel Khan, Mehwash Kashif and Syeda Musira Kazmi DOI: Abstract Objective: To evaluate the frequency, pattern, and etiology of mandibular fractures at a tertiary care hospital, in Karachi Study Design: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. Setting: Abbasi Shaheed Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan Methodology: The study was initiated in Outpatient Maxillofacial […]

Management and Complications of Arnold Chiari Hydrocephalus at Tertiary Health Care Center

Malik Liaqat Ali Jalal, Muhammad Shaukat Farooq, Atta-ur-Rehman Khan, Muhammad Yousaf, Muhammad Rizwan and Saima Faiz ABSTRACT Objective: to investigate the role of CT and MRI in diagnosis of Arnold chiari malformation of hydrocephalus and its treatment with VP shunt along with complications. Study Design: Prospective study Place and duration: Department of Neurosurgery, DG Khan […]

Burden of Influenza in Patients visiting Emergency Department for Treatment of Influenza Like Illness at THQ Hospital Shujabad, Pakistan

Ali Siftain, Mamoona Chaudhry, Taiba Zulfiqar, Syed Ali Kaunain and Muhammad Sher Zaman ABSTRACT Background: Viral infection of the respiratory tract is a common illness syndrome in humans. Human respiratory tract is infected by large number of viruses. Self-constraining infections are caused by most of them e.g. normal chilly and intense bronchitis. Seriousness of illness […]

Diagnosing Cervical Lesions Through LLETZ – A Reliable and Effective Tool

Zahra Wasim, Saima Arif, Uzma Ameer Malik and Faiza Mehboob ABSTRACT Background: Cervical dysplasia is the most common gynecological disorder of modern era. It initiates around the squamocolumnar junction of the cervix commonly due to the infection of human papilloma virus. Large loop excision of transitional zone is globally a standard procedure of choice both […]

Level of Serum Uric Acid in Pre-eclamptic and Normal Pregnant Women

Huda Abbas, Samina Badar, Zunaira Javed and Mohamed Ahmed Abdelmoneam Ramadan ABSTRACT Objective: The objective of study was to find out serum uric acid level in normal andpreeclamptic pregnant women of third trimester visiting outpatient department of obstetrics and gynecology of Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur. Methodology: It was a cross sectional descriptive study conducted form […]

Effectiveness of Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Patients with COPD

Zunaira Fatima, Areeba Iftikhar and Muhammad Imran Yousaf ABSTRACT Background: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is beneficial for patients with COPD, with improvement in exercise capacity and health-related quality of life. Despite these overall benefits, the responses to PR vary significantly among different individuals. It is not clear if PR is beneficial for patients with COPD and normal exercise capacity. Although it is believed that longer […]