Muhammad Nadeem, Mansoor Abbas Qaisar, Ali Hassan Al Hakami, Fateh Sher Chattah, Muhammad Muzammil and Muhammad Kamran Ameer
Background: The mean arterial pressure serves as an expression of blood pressure in patients on chronic hemodialysis. Serum calcium phosphorus product is considered as a risk factor of vascular calcification that is associated with hypertension in the patients of end stage renal disease. The literature regarding this relationship is inconsistent therefore this study is designed to determine the correlation between calcium phosphorus product and mean arterial pressure among hemodialysis patients with end stage renal disease.
Methods: A total of 110 patients of end stage renal disease on hemodialysis for at least one year, 20 to 60 years of age were included. Patients with primary or tertiary hyperparathyroidism, peripheral vascular disease, malignancy, hypertension secondary to any cause other than kidney disease were excluded. Mean arterial pressure was calculated according to the standard protocol in lying position. Blood samples for estimation of serum calcium and phosphorous were taken and was sent immediately to the laboratory for serum analysis.
Results: Mean age was 44.17 ± 10.94 years. Mean calcium phosphorous product was 46.71 ± 7.36 mg/dl and mean arterial pressure was 103.61 ± 12.77 mmHg. The values of Pearson correlation co-efficient (r) were 0.863 for age group 20 to 40 years and 0.589 for age group 41 to 60 years. This strong positive correlation means that high calcium phosphorous product goes with high mean arterial pressure (and vice versa) for both the age groups.
Conclusion: A strong positive relationship exists between the mean arterial pressure and calcium phosphorous product and is independent of patients’ age.