Management and Complications of Arnold Chiari Hydrocephalus at Tertiary Health Care Center

Author

Malik Liaqat Ali Jalal, Muhammad Shaukat Farooq, Atta-ur-Rehman Khan, Muhammad Yousaf, Muhammad Rizwan and Saima Faiz

ABSTRACT

Objective: to investigate the role of CT and MRI in diagnosis of Arnold chiari malformation of hydrocephalus and its treatment with VP shunt along with complications.

Study Design: Prospective study

Place and duration: Department of Neurosurgery, DG Khan Medical College from May 4, 2018 to May 4, 2019.

Methodology: Fifty patients of congenital hydrocephalus who were not treated previously were selected. Detailed history about disease and clinical examination of patients was performed. Follow ups were done at neurosurgery OPD. SPSS software for data analysis was used and mean ± SD, frequency and percentages were calculated for variables. P value ≤0.05 was considered as significant.

Results: Treatment in case of congenital hydrocephalus as VP shunt, intra-aneurysmal coiling, excision of meningomyelocele with VP shunt and suboccipital craniectomy + upper cervical laminectomy (scucl) were observed as 10%, 6%, 8% and 8% respectively.  Twelve percent of patients were not treated.

Conclusion: CT and MRI are the main diagnostic tools for diagnosis of Arnold chiari malformation and VP shunt is the treatment of choice. Among complications of VP shunt infection of shunt and shunt block are the main complications.

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