TIJFS – Journal of trans-disciplinary cutting edge research

The International Journal of Frontier Sciences is an online, print, semiannual, peer reviewed, open access scholarly publication. TIJFS prints original articles, review articles, short communications, guest editorials, letters to editor, case reports, case studies and drug trials.

The journal is registered with International Serials Data System (p-ISSN: 2618-0359, e-ISSN: 2618-0367). All manuscripts published are open access under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

COVID-19 and Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI): Delayed Presentations and Outcomes for STEMI care

Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Muzna Sarfraz, Zainab Nadeem, Hafiza Hussain, Sarah Bakhsh, Gaurav Patel, Junaid Arshad and Yasar Sattar Abstract Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is a non-surgical procedure that requires catheterization to improve blood flow to the heart and is the recommended therapy for Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI). The Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has […]

Determinants of Patient Care and Satisfaction in Pakistan- A Scoping Review

Zouina Sarfraz, Azza Sarfraz, Hafiza Hussain, Fareeha Jabeen, Arham Nadeem, Shahar Bano, Ramsha Kharal, Farah Zulfiqar, Sania Tariq, Zainab Fatima and Mehwish Zafar Abstract Background: Pakistan established the Punjab healthcare commission to improve patient care catering to professional accountability in the public and private sectors. As per the World Health Organization, quality of care comprises of […]

Diagnostic Accuracy of Gray Scale Ultrasonography versus Color Doppler in Suspected Cases of Acute Appendicitis

Tahir Iqbal, Muhammad Usman Shahid, Ishfaq Ahmad Shad, Shahzad Karim Bhatti, Syed Amir Gilani and Zahid Siddique Abstract Background: A common surgical emergency is acute appendicitis. Various diagnostic tools are available to diagnosis acute appendicitis. Radiological investigations play an important role in making accurate and early diagnosis and thus preventing morbidity associated with the disease. Objective: To […]

Determination of Blood Flow in Superficial Arteries of Human Face using Doppler Ultrasonography in Young Adults

Nedal Iqbal, Khubaib Shahid, Muhammad Imtiaz, Faiqua Yasser, Ayesha Ashraf and Muhammad Zain ul Abdin Abstract Background: Human face is highly vascular region and vascularity to the skin and other organs is an important indicator of health and disease. Change in blood flow is affected by aging, diabetes, high blood triglycerides, cigarette smoking etc. With so […]

Protective Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Energy Drink Induced Ovarian Cytotoxicity in Adult Female Albino Rats

Maria Ilyas, Masooma Ahmad, Huma Jawad, Nazia Siddique, Lubna Shahper and Muhammad Hashim Ghouri Abstract Background: Energy drinks (EDs) are commonly used to prevent fatigue, enhance physical, and cognitive performance. Its administration induces toxic effects in body. Omega-3 is an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent that helps in proper functioning of immune system. Objectives of this study […]

A critical analysis of individual patient factors in gaining access to healthcare

Muhammad Hassan Naveed, Ghulam Mustafa Asim and Muhammad Mohid Tahir Abstract Background: Pakistan is one of the largest host of refugees. People in Pakistan have bad access to healthcare not only due to bad facilities but also due to discrimination based on their personal characteristics and possessions. The behavior not only damages the dignity of the […]

Effect of Gestational Diabetes on Serum Leptin during Pregnancy and Postpartum Period

Jazib Andleeb, Faiza Mehboob, Sana Javaid, Mudassar Ali, Muhammad Imran Khan and Qurat-ul-Ain Abstract Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with marked increase in insulin resistance. The objective of study is to determine the relation of gestational diabetes with serum leptin and serum insulin levels during pregnancy and postpartum period. Methods: This case control study conducted […]

Current Screening Strategy Poses Risk of Spreading of Hepatitis C Virus Infection

Sajjad Ullah, Sohail Ahmad, Qaisar Ali, Arshad Jamal, Muhammad Zubair Yousaf and Ahmed Bilal Waqar Abstract Background: Hepatitis C virus is one of the significant causes of morbidity and mortality in the World. Surprisingly, despite national screening campaigns, new cases of HCV are still on the rise. Methods and Results: A total of 5914 healthy blood […]

Efficacy of Tranexamic Acid in reducing intra-operative bleeding during tonsillectomy

Asmatullah Achakzai, Muhammad Arif Achakzai and Hameed Ullah Achakzai Abstract Background: Our study aims to determine the effectiveness of tranexamic acid in decreasing the intraoperative blood loss during tonsillectomy. Materials and Methods: Study design was randomized double-blind control trial. This study was conducted from 1 November 2017 till 30 June 2019 in the department of ENT unit-II, the […]

Factors influencing Outcome of Extradural Hematoma in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan

Liaqat Jalal, Atta-ur-Rehman Khan, Muhammad Shaukat Farooq and Muhammad Tahir Nouman Abstract: Background: The outcome for this neurosurgical problem is still far from set target in many developing countries like Pakistan. Major proportion of cases presenting with EDH in hospital still has poor outcome. This poor outcome of EDH is attributed to many factors including weak […]